Manufacturing Process Technology in Operation Management refers to the tools, equipment, and processes utilised to transform raw materials into completed commodities in the field of operations management. Everything from design and planning to production and quality control is covered.
Effective manufacturing process technology is critical to a company’s success. It can assist a company in increasing efficiency, lowering costs, improving product quality, and meeting client requests. Manufacturing process technology examples include:
Automation: Automation is the use of machines and robots to do jobs previously performed by people. This can improve productivity and accuracy while also lowering labour expenses.
Lean manufacturing: it is a production method that focuses on maximising value and eliminating waste. Processes can be streamlined, inventory reduced, and flow improved.
Six Sigma: Six Sigma is a data-driven problem-solving and process-improvement methodology. Through statistical analysis and continual improvement, it tries to discover and eradicate flaws in the manufacturing process.
3D printing: it is the process of creating actual objects from digital blueprints using additive manufacturing processes. This can be a more efficient and adaptable method of producing unique or complex items.
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Manufacturing Process Technology in Operation Management
The manufacturing process, also known as the conversion process, can be arranged in a variety of different ways, depending on the technology involved. The equipment, people, and systems that are utilised to manufacture a product or service for a company are collectively referred to as the manufacturing process technology. The process technology can be broken down into the following five categories:
Technology used in job shops
Technology based on batches
The technology of assembly lines
Technology with a continuous flow
The tools and systems used to manage, organise, execute, and monitor projects are referred to as project technology. Project management software, project scheduling tools, collaboration platforms, and other types of technology that assist the many stages of a project are examples of these. Businesses can use project technology to streamline their operations, increase collaboration and communication among team members, and reduce the risk of errors and delays.
Project management software such as Asana, Trello, and Microsoft Project, as well as communication platforms such as Slack and Microsoft Teams, are examples of project technology. Project technology is especially important for large projects involving several teams and stakeholders, as it helps to guarantee that everyone is on the same page and working towards the same goals.
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Job shop technology
Job shop technology is a Manufacturing Process Technology used in operations management to manufacture customised or low-volume items. It has a high degree of versatility since it allows for the creation of a wide range of products utilising a wide range of different machines and tools.
Each product is considered as a separate work in a job shop, and the production process is organised around the specific requirements of that job. This technology is commonly utilised in industries like aerospace, automotive, and defence, where products are complicated and require a high level of customisation.
Product is manufactured in greater quantity than at a job shop. Production is done based on customer orders or for quick stock.
The technology characteristics are similar to job shop technology, but because of the bigger batch size, it is easier to plan, control, and schedule the manufacturing process than job shop technology. Heavy equipment manufacture and electronic device manufacturing are two examples of batch technology.
Assembly line technology
Assembly line technology is a manufacturing method that involves moving a product along a conveyor belt or other moving device and having different workers or machines perform specialised duties at various stations along the line.
By separating the Manufacturing Process into smaller, specialised tasks and improving the speed at which the product travels through the process, this technique enables efficient mass production of products. This technique is widely employed in the automotive and electronics sectors.
Continuous flow technology
Continuous flow technology is a Manufacturing Process Technology involves the uninterrupted creation of commodities. It is frequently employed in industries where vast volumes of products must be produced at a high level of efficiency and speed. Continuous flow technology entails the use of specialised equipment and machinery designed to continually manufacture goods without the need for user intervention or the requirement to halt and restart the manufacturing process.
One of the primary benefits of continuous flow technology is that it enables for the manufacture of items at a considerably faster rate than conventional manufacturing techniques, allowing businesses to satisfy client demand while increasing profits. Food and beverage, pharmaceutical, and chemical manufacturing are some industries that frequently use continuous flow technology.